In another research, BGB324 + anti-CTLA-4 treated led to 22 percent long-term main tumour clearance while no response was noticed with anti-CTLA4 treatment only. The considerable metastasis to the lung, liver and spleen characteristic of the model had been concomitantly abrogated in the animals giving an answer to the combination treatment. Furthermore, BGB324 + anti-CTLA-4/anti-PD-1 treated tumours shown improved infiltration of cytotoxic T lymphocytes.Additionally, this makes the machine more flexible, as little changes allow the technology to adapt to different applications. ‘The CRISPR-Cas-system is an extremely powerful tool for genetic engineering,’ says Emmanuelle Charpentier, who found the HZI from Ume – and was awarded with the famous Humboldt Professorship in 2013. ‘We’ve analysed and compared the enzyme Cas9 and the dual-tracrRNAs-crRNAs that guidebook this enzyme site-specifically to the DNA in various strains of bacteria.’ Their findings permit them to classify the Cas9 proteins originating from different bacterias into groups. Within those the CRISPR-Cas systems are exchangeable which is not possible between different groupings. Thus, a new therapy for genetic disorders caused by different mutations in the DNA of the individual could be on the horizon.